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spring(4) - spring创建Bean并注册到容器

惊羽
2021-06-21 / 0 评论 / 0 点赞 / 124 阅读 / 12,534 字
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1. 背景知识

先了解springboot启动过程,包括自动装配,初始化环境变量,springApplicationContext容器的初始化等,详情参读 spring(3) - springboot启动过程

2. Bean的实例化和注册

通过背景知识我们知道,spring在容器创建的过程中,通过 refresh()方法,进行了webServer 的启动,Bean的实例化和注册,下面从源码看看怎么做到的;

2.1 AbstractApplicationContext的refresh()方法

public void refresh() throws BeansException, IllegalStateException {
        synchronized(this.startupShutdownMonitor) {
            this.prepareRefresh();
            ConfigurableListableBeanFactory beanFactory = this.obtainFreshBeanFactory();
            this.prepareBeanFactory(beanFactory);

            try {
                this.postProcessBeanFactory(beanFactory);
                this.invokeBeanFactoryPostProcessors(beanFactory);
                // ①后置处理器
		this.registerBeanPostProcessors(beanFactory);
                this.initMessageSource();
                this.initApplicationEventMulticaster();
                // ② 在此步骤中,进行了webServer的启动,例如Apache Tomcat
		this.onRefresh();
                this.registerListeners();
                // ③ 在此步骤中,进行了Bean的初始化,并通过 ② 后置处理器进行注册
		this.finishBeanFactoryInitialization(beanFactory);
                this.finishRefresh();
            } catch (BeansException var9) {
                if (this.logger.isWarnEnabled()) {
                    this.logger.warn("Exception encountered during context initialization - cancelling refresh attempt: " + var9);
                }

                this.destroyBeans();
                this.cancelRefresh(var9);
                throw var9;
            } finally {
                this.resetCommonCaches();
            }

        }

2.2 进入 this.finishBeanFactoryInitialization(beanFactory); 方法

protected void finishBeanFactoryInitialization(ConfigurableListableBeanFactory beanFactory) {
        if (beanFactory.containsBean("conversionService") && beanFactory.isTypeMatch("conversionService", ConversionService.class)) {
            beanFactory.setConversionService((ConversionService)beanFactory.getBean("conversionService", ConversionService.class));
        }

        if (!beanFactory.hasEmbeddedValueResolver()) {
            beanFactory.addEmbeddedValueResolver((strVal) -> {
                return this.getEnvironment().resolvePlaceholders(strVal);
            });
        }

        String[] weaverAwareNames = beanFactory.getBeanNamesForType(LoadTimeWeaverAware.class, false, false);
        String[] var3 = weaverAwareNames;
        int var4 = weaverAwareNames.length;

        for(int var5 = 0; var5 < var4; ++var5) {
            String weaverAwareName = var3[var5];
            this.getBean(weaverAwareName);
        }

        beanFactory.setTempClassLoader((ClassLoader)null);
        beanFactory.freezeConfiguration();
        // 在此步骤进行单例bean的操作
	beanFactory.preInstantiateSingletons();
    }

2.3 进入 beanFactory.preInstantiateSingletons(); 方法

public void preInstantiateSingletons() throws BeansException {
        if (this.logger.isTraceEnabled()) {
            this.logger.trace("Pre-instantiating singletons in " + this);
        }

        List<String> beanNames = new ArrayList(this.beanDefinitionNames);
        Iterator var2 = beanNames.iterator();

        while(true) {
            String beanName;
            Object bean;
            do {
                while(true) {
                    RootBeanDefinition bd;
                    // 处理懒加载的情况,先不看
		    do {
			...
                    } while(bd.isLazyInit());
		    // 处理为FactoryBean的情况
                    if (this.isFactoryBean(beanName)) {
                        bean = this.getBean("&" + beanName);
                        break;
                    }
		
                    this.getBean(beanName);
                }
            } while(!(bean instanceof FactoryBean));

            FactoryBean<?> factory = (FactoryBean)bean;
            boolean isEagerInit;
            if (System.getSecurityManager() != null && factory instanceof SmartFactoryBean) {
                SmartFactoryBean var10000 = (SmartFactoryBean)factory;
                ((SmartFactoryBean)factory).getClass();
                isEagerInit = (Boolean)AccessController.doPrivileged(var10000::isEagerInit, this.getAccessControlContext());
            } else {
                isEagerInit = factory instanceof SmartFactoryBean && ((SmartFactoryBean)factory).isEagerInit();
            }
            // 处理为不为 FactoryBean的情况
            if (isEagerInit) {
                this.getBean(beanName);
            }
        }
    }

可以看到,在非懒加载的情况下,在容器初始化阶段就会被初始化Bean,无论是否为FactoryBean,都调用 this.getBean(beanName); 来初始化;

2.4 进入 getBean(beanName) 方法

    public Object getBean(String name) throws BeansException {
        return this.doGetBean(name, (Class)null, (Object[])null, false);
    }

2.5 进入 AbstractBeanFactory 类的 this.doGetBean(name, (Class)null, (Object[])null, false);

protected <T> T doGetBean(String name, @Nullable Class<T> requiredType, @Nullable Object[] args, boolean typeCheckOnly) throws BeansException {
        String beanName = this.transformedBeanName(name);
        // 直接从缓存中取单例bean,第一次肯定没有,所以往下读
	Object sharedInstance = this.getSingleton(beanName);
        Object bean;
        if (sharedInstance != null && args == null) {
            if (this.logger.isTraceEnabled()) {
                if (this.isSingletonCurrentlyInCreation(beanName)) {
                    this.logger.trace("Returning eagerly cached instance of singleton bean '" + beanName + "' that is not fully initialized yet - a consequence of a circular reference");
                } else {
                    this.logger.trace("Returning cached instance of singleton bean '" + beanName + "'");
                }
            }

            bean = this.getObjectForBeanInstance(sharedInstance, name, beanName, (RootBeanDefinition)null);
        } 
	// 缓存中没有
	else {
            // 被标记为了正在被创建,抛出异常
	    if (this.isPrototypeCurrentlyInCreation(beanName)) {
                throw new BeanCurrentlyInCreationException(beanName);
            }

            BeanFactory parentBeanFactory = this.getParentBeanFactory();
            if (parentBeanFactory != null && !this.containsBeanDefinition(beanName)) {
                String nameToLookup = this.originalBeanName(name);
                if (parentBeanFactory instanceof AbstractBeanFactory) {
                    return ((AbstractBeanFactory)parentBeanFactory).doGetBean(nameToLookup, requiredType, args, typeCheckOnly);
                }

                if (args != null) {
                    return parentBeanFactory.getBean(nameToLookup, args);
                }

                if (requiredType != null) {
                    return parentBeanFactory.getBean(nameToLookup, requiredType);
                }

                return parentBeanFactory.getBean(nameToLookup);
            }

            if (!typeCheckOnly) {
                this.markBeanAsCreated(beanName);
            }
	    // 处理父依赖,递归进行初始化
            try {
                RootBeanDefinition mbd = this.getMergedLocalBeanDefinition(beanName);
                this.checkMergedBeanDefinition(mbd, beanName, args);
                String[] dependsOn = mbd.getDependsOn();
                String[] var11;
                if (dependsOn != null) {
                    var11 = dependsOn;
                    int var12 = dependsOn.length;

                    for(int var13 = 0; var13 < var12; ++var13) {
                        String dep = var11[var13];
                        if (this.isDependent(beanName, dep)) {
                            throw new BeanCreationException(mbd.getResourceDescription(), beanName, "Circular depends-on relationship between '" + beanName + "' and '" + dep + "'");
                        }

                        this.registerDependentBean(dep, beanName);

                        try {
                            this.getBean(dep);
                        } catch (NoSuchBeanDefinitionException var24) {
                            throw new BeanCreationException(mbd.getResourceDescription(), beanName, "'" + beanName + "' depends on missing bean '" + dep + "'", var24);
                        }
                    }
                }
                // 处理单例的情况
                if (mbd.isSingleton()) {
                    
                    sharedInstance = this.getSingleton(beanName, () -> {
                        try {
                            	// 创建单例实例
				return this.createBean(beanName, mbd, args);
                        } catch (BeansException var5) {
                            this.destroySingleton(beanName);
                            throw var5;
                        }
                    });
                    bean = this.getObjectForBeanInstance(sharedInstance, name, beanName, mbd);
                } 
		// 多例情况,暂时不关心
		else if (mbd.isPrototype()) {
                    ...
                }
            } catch (BeansException var26) {
                this.cleanupAfterBeanCreationFailure(beanName);
                throw var26;
            }
        }

2.5 进入 // 创建单例实例 处的 this.createBean(beanName, mbd, args);

protected Object createBean(String beanName, RootBeanDefinition mbd, @Nullable Object[] args) throws BeanCreationException {
        if (this.logger.isTraceEnabled()) {
            this.logger.trace("Creating instance of bean '" + beanName + "'");
        }

        RootBeanDefinition mbdToUse = mbd;
        Class<?> resolvedClass = this.resolveBeanClass(mbd, beanName, new Class[0]);
        if (resolvedClass != null && !mbd.hasBeanClass() && mbd.getBeanClassName() != null) {
            mbdToUse = new RootBeanDefinition(mbd);
            mbdToUse.setBeanClass(resolvedClass);
        }

        try {
            mbdToUse.prepareMethodOverrides();
        } catch (BeanDefinitionValidationException var9) {
            throw new BeanDefinitionStoreException(mbdToUse.getResourceDescription(), beanName, "Validation of method overrides failed", var9);
        }

        Object beanInstance;
        try {
            beanInstance = this.resolveBeforeInstantiation(beanName, mbdToUse);
            if (beanInstance != null) {
                return beanInstance;
            }
        } catch (Throwable var10) {
            throw new BeanCreationException(mbdToUse.getResourceDescription(), beanName, "BeanPostProcessor before instantiation of bean failed", var10);
        }

        try {
            // 前边是准备工作,这里真正进入创建
            beanInstance = this.doCreateBean(beanName, mbdToUse, args);
            if (this.logger.isTraceEnabled()) {
                this.logger.trace("Finished creating instance of bean '" + beanName + "'");
            }

            return beanInstance;
        } catch (ImplicitlyAppearedSingletonException | BeanCreationException var7) {
            throw var7;
        } catch (Throwable var8) {
            throw new BeanCreationException(mbdToUse.getResourceDescription(), beanName, "Unexpected exception during bean creation", var8);
        }
    }

2.6 进入 doCreateBean(beanName, mbdToUse, args);

protected Object doCreateBean(String beanName, RootBeanDefinition mbd, @Nullable Object[] args) throws BeanCreationException {
        BeanWrapper instanceWrapper = null;
        if (mbd.isSingleton()) {
            instanceWrapper = (BeanWrapper)this.factoryBeanInstanceCache.remove(beanName);
        }

        if (instanceWrapper == null) {
        // ① 创建实例wapper
            instanceWrapper = this.createBeanInstance(beanName, mbd, args);
        }

        Object bean = instanceWrapper.getWrappedInstance();
        Class<?> beanType = instanceWrapper.getWrappedClass();
        if (beanType != NullBean.class) {
            mbd.resolvedTargetType = beanType;
        }
        synchronized(mbd.postProcessingLock) {
            if (!mbd.postProcessed) {
                try {
                    this.applyMergedBeanDefinitionPostProcessors(mbd, beanType, beanName);
                } catch (Throwable var17) {
                    throw new BeanCreationException(mbd.getResourceDescription(), beanName, "Post-processing of merged bean definition failed", var17);
                }
                mbd.postProcessed = true;
            }
        }

        boolean earlySingletonExposure = mbd.isSingleton() && this.allowCircularReferences && this.isSingletonCurrentlyInCreation(beanName);
        if (earlySingletonExposure) {
            if (this.logger.isTraceEnabled()) {
                this.logger.trace("Eagerly caching bean '" + beanName + "' to allow for resolving potential circular references");
            }
            // ③ 将该实例放到容器缓存中(注册到容器)
            this.addSingletonFactory(beanName, () -> {
                return this.getEarlyBeanReference(beanName, mbd, bean);
            });
        }

        Object exposedObject = bean;

        try {
         // ④ 为实例wapper装配属性
            this.populateBean(beanName, mbd, instanceWrapper);
            // ⑤ 为实例wapper进行初始化
            exposedObject = this.initializeBean(beanName, exposedObject, mbd);
        } catch (Throwable var18) {
            if (var18 instanceof BeanCreationException && beanName.equals(((BeanCreationException)var18).getBeanName())) {
                throw (BeanCreationException)var18;
            }

            throw new BeanCreationException(mbd.getResourceDescription(), beanName, "Initialization of bean failed", var18);
        }
        
         ......
    }

可以看到 ,在这一步,真正实现了对实例的创建,注册,装配和初始化

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